All in-text citations should include the last name of the author(s) and the date. You may also elect to add a page number, especially for direct quotes.
For sources with four or more authors, list only the first author, followed by et al.
Depending on the source, you may need to use n.d. (for no date), forthcoming, or a date with a letter (to differentiate different sources by the same author and date).
For organizations, use the organization name or abbreviation, based on how you cited the source:
If you have two authors with the same last name but different first names, include a first initial to differentiate:
If you are using an unpaginated source (such as an eBook or a Web page), you may use other methods to describe where the information is located:
There are several ways you can incorporate an in-text citation into your paper. Here are some examples for the same type of information:
Undergraduate students often do not consider paraphrasing without citations to be plagiarism (Smith 2010).
Smith (2010) notes that undergraduate students often do not consider paraphrasing without citations to be plagiarism.
According to Smith (2010, 16), "69% of undergraduate students believe that paraphrasing without providing in-text citations is not plagiarism."
Smith's (2010) study shows that undergraduate students often do not consider paraphrasing without citations to be plagiarism.
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