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MLA Citation Guide - 9th Ed.

MLA 9th Edition Guidelines

Films (VHS/DVD/Blu-Ray)


Title of Film. Directed by Director, Production Companies, Date.

Main Contributor*, Role. Title of Video. Other Contributors, Production Companies, Date.

Choose the main contributor based on what your research is focused on (the director, a performance, etc.).

Works Cited List Entries

Boyhood. Directed by Richard Linklater, IFC Productions / Detour Filmproduction, 2015.

Linklater, Richard, director. Boyhood. IFC Productions / Detour Filmproduction, 2015.

In-Text Citations

(Boyhood 00:12:03)

(Linklater 00:12:03)

See pages 147, 250, and 328 in the MLA Handbook.

Online Videos (e.g., YouTube, TED, etc.)


Creator*. "Title of Video." Website, uploaded by User, Date, URL.

*Give a user name if you are unable to determine the actual creator of the video.

Works Cited List Entries

"Holi: India's Epic Color Festival - Vrindivan, India." YouTube, uploaded by Evan Meets World, 21 Mar. 2014,

Yellin, Dustin. "A Journey through the Mind of an Artist." TED, Oct. 2014,

In-Text Citations

("Holi" 00:01:12)

(Yellin 00:09:22)

See pages 250 and 329 in the MLA Handbook.

Streaming Videos (e.g., Netflix, Films on Demand)


Title of Film/Video. Directed by Director, Production Companies, Date. Website OR Database, URL.

Works Cited List Entries

An Introduction to Philosophy. BBC, 1976. Films on Demand,

Enola Holmes. Directed by Harry Bradbeer, Netflix / Legendary Legendary Pictures / PCMA, 2020. Netflix,

In-Text Citations

(An Introduction 00:03:14)

(Enola Holmes 01:02:16)

See pages 250 and 328-329 in the MLA Handbook.

Television Episodes


"Title of Episode." Title of Series, created by Creators, season X, episode X, Production Companies, Date.

Works Cited List Entry

"Person to Person." Mad Men, created by Matthew Weiner, performance by Jon Hamm, season 7, episode 14, Weiner Bros., 2015.

"End Game." The Queen's Gambit, created by Scott Frank and Allan Scott, episode 7, Flitcraft / Wonderful Films / Netflix, 23 Oct. 2020. Netflix,

In-Text Citations


("End Game" 00:22:13)

See pages 250 and 329-330 in the MLA Handbook.


Template for Video Interview

Interviewee. "Title of Interview." Interview by Interviewer. Website, uploaded by User, Date, URL.

Template for In-Person Interview

Interviewee. Interview. By Interviewer. Date.

Works Cited List Entry

Yousafzai, Malala. "Diane Sawyer Sits Down With the Inspirational Malala Yousafzai." Interview by Diane Sawyer. YouTube, uploaded by ABC News, 13 Oct. 2013,

In-Text Citation

(Yousafzai 00:05:12)

See pages 250 and 336 in the MLA Handbook.

Music Recordings


Artist. "Title of Song." Album Title, Label, Date, URL.

Works Cited List Entry

U2. "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For." The Joshua Tree, UMGRI Interscope, 1987,

In-Text Citation


See page 330 in the MLA Handbook.

Musical Scores

Print Score Template

Artist. "Title of Music." Title of Book, edited by Editors, Edition, Volume, Publisher, Date, pp. X-X.

Online Score Template

Artist. "Title of Music." Website, Publisher, Date, URL.

Works Cited List Entries

Chopin, Frédéric. "Barcarolle, Op. 60." MusOpen, circa 1845-46,

Dun, Tan. "Red Wilderness." Eight Memories in Watercolor, G. Schirmer, 2004, pp. 8-9.

In-Text Citations



See page 334 in the MLA Handbook.



Host. "Episode Title." Title of Podcast, episode X, Publisher, Date, URL.

Works Cited List Entry

"Tunnel Vision." Hidden Brain, hosted by Shankar Vedantam, episode 65, NPR, 20 Mar. 2017,

In-Text Citation

("Tunnel" 00:12:23)

See pages 250 and 331 in the MLA Handbook.

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